Odisha is a state where 75% of populations are depending on farming, so agriculture is an important aspect at this state. The Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other types of life forms for food, fiber, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life, so this process in very much important for leaving beings in all over the world.
Agriculture in Odisha is primarily an agrarian economy having nearly 30% contribution to the Net State Domestic product (NSDP) with 73 percent of the work force engaged in this sector, so it is very important for state as well as for the country. The cropped area in Odisha is about 87.46 lakh hectares out of which 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated.
Climate and Soil
In Odisha’s agriculture economy climate and soil play a vital role. The total cultivable land exploited for cropping is about 40% of the total geographical area of the state. And the exploitation is comparatively more in the coastal districts of Odisha i.e. Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri etc. the climate is also very suitable for growing different types of plants.
Facts and Figures Related to Agriculture in Odisha
- At the time of independence food grain production of Odisha was 2393 MTs.
- 1995-1996 Odisha produced 7923 MTs of food grains.
- Per hectare production of rice in current scenario is 1.4 MTs as against 1.8 MTs for the country as a whole.
- The yield per hectare has been 1080 kg in comparison to the national average of 1620 kg.
- According to the estimation in 1998 the cropping area utilized for food grain production was 89.4 % of the total cultivable land.
- Extent of rain-fed cultivable land: 62%
- Fertilizer consumption: 290.56%